B: Tracing a sequence of events resulting in a positive outcome
(AP Classroom) Correct. Writers frequently use certain recognizable approaches to develop and organize the reasoning of their arguments. In the opening lines of the passage, the author employs such a method of development when he traces a sequence of events that he believes have culminated in a positive outcome: the First World War happened; the war provided a cautionary example; world leaders have been trying to prevent another outbreak of war; in the end, they succeed in devising the “greatest preventive measures ever adopted by nations.” A method of development provides an audience with the means to trace a writer’s reasoning in an argument. In this case, the author’s approach to organizing his argument suggests that he understands recent peace preservation efforts in terms of a temporal chain of events—one in which each event is linked to the next by a causal logic.
question 1: d) the old man continued, "in the long run, what people think about shepherds and bakers becomes more important for them than their own destinies.'"
question 2: d) by providing a different perspective and encouraging the englishman to never give up, the boy him to discover the alchemist.
question 3: c) the stones he gave santiago the boy to recognize omens, which will him on his journey to find his personal legend.
question 4: d) when the englishman wants to quit, santiago doesn’t allow the englishman to give up.
question 5: a) by instructing the englishman to go and try, the englishman is motivated to continue on his journey toward his personal legend.